Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10953.1/1633
Title: Eficacia de las intervenciones educativas en la prevención del consumo de alcohol en adolescentes: una revisión sistemática
Authors: Rojas‐Collado, María-Josefa
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor: Pino-Casado, Rafael-del
metadata.dc.contributor.other: Universidad de Jaén. Enfermería
Abstract: [ES] Objetivo: analizar la eficacia de las intervenciones educativas en la prevención del consumo de alcohol en adolescentes. Metodología: revisión sistemática sin metaanálisis sobre bases de datos nacionales e internacionales. Resultados: se revisó un total de 371 estudios mediante criterios de inclusión y calidad, incluyéndose 25 estudios. Se encontró que el número de estudios que demuestran que las intervenciones educativas tienen un efecto significativamente beneficioso sobre la prevención del consumo de alcohol es estadísticamente superior al número de estudios que no encuentran asociación estadística entre ambas variables o que demuestran que no hay beneficio con la intervención. Todas las intervenciones beneficiosas fueron de tipo grupal y de media o alta intensidad, la mayoría de ellas se realizaron en el contexto escolar y el contenido fue variado. Conclusión: Las intervenciones educativas grupales de media o alta intensidad en el entorno escolar podrían ser eficaces en la prevención del consumo de alcohol en adolescentes, con independencia de su contenido. No obstante, es necesario seguir investigando sobre este aspecto y confirmar la anterior conclusión con la realización de un metaanálisis.
[EN] Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of educational interventions in preventing alcohol consumption among adolescents. Methods: Systematic review without meta‐analysis on the basis of national and international data. Results: A total of 371 studies were reviewed by inclusion criteria and quality, including 25 studios. It was found that the number of studies showing that educational interventions have a significant beneficial effect on the prevention of alcohol consumption is statistically greater than the number of studies that find no statistical association between two variables or show no benefit to the intervention. All interventions were beneficial type of group, middle or high intensity, most of which were conducted in the school context and the content was varied. Conclusion: The group educational interventions medium or high intensity in the school setting may be effective in preventing alcohol consumption in adolescents, regardless of its content. However, further research is needed on this issue and confirm the earlier conclusion with the completion of a meta‐analysisObjective: To analyze the effectiveness of educational interventions in preventing alcohol consumption among adolescents. Methods: Systematic review without meta‐analysis on the basis of national and international data. Results: A total of 371 studies were reviewed by inclusion criteria and quality, including 25 studios. It was found that the number of studies showing that educational interventions have a significant beneficial effect on the prevention of alcohol consumption is statistically greater than the number of studies that find no statistical association between two variables or show no benefit to the intervention. All interventions were beneficial type of group, middle or high intensity, most of which were conducted in the school context and the content was varied. Conclusion: The group educational interventions medium or high intensity in the school setting may be effective in preventing alcohol consumption in adolescents, regardless of its content. However, further research is needed on this issue and confirm the earlier conclusion with the completion of a meta‐analysis
Issue Date: 24-Jun-2015
Publisher: Jaén: Universidad de Jaén
Appears in Collections:Grado en Enfermería

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